Gujarat tops NITI Aayog’s Energy and Climate Index (SECI) with a score of 50.1 points in the large state category. Kerala and Punjab are ranked second and third respectively. While Goa tops the category of small states, followed by Tripura and Manipur.
According to NITI Aayog, the State Energy and Climate Index is the first index that aims to track efforts made by states and UTs in the climate and energy sector. It is hoped that a thorough analysis of individual states will help improve service delivery on various energy metrics. These metrics have been designed with India’s climate change and clean energy transition goals in mind. The National Energy and Climate Index covers the affordability, accessibility, efficiency, DISCOM performance and climate friendliness of all forms of energy. This index is supposed to be at par with international indices covering the entire energy value chain.
Since DISCOMS are the important link in the entire energy value chain, their performance was given a higher weighting (40%) in the overall index. The financial viability and performance aspects of DISCOMS have been taken into consideration to promote competition between States. Other parameters such as “energy access, affordability and reliability”, “clean energy initiatives”, “energy efficiency”, “environmental sustainability” and “new initiatives” were assigned weights of 15%, 15%, 6%, 12% and 12% respectively. NITI Aayog said the index will track states’ performance in the energy and climate sector. The results will help states take timely corrective action for better management, thereby meeting citizens’ expectations. The overall objective of the index is to develop healthy competition between states to better perform and provide quality energy services to users in their states.
Scores and rankings are presented by large states, small states, and UTs. The final score reveals that among the big states, Gujarat, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Maharashtra fall under the category of favourites. States such as Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar are winners and the remaining states are contenders.
The highest score of 50.1 was obtained by Gujarat, followed by Kerala and Punjab with a score of 49.1 and 48.6 respectively. The lowest score of 31.7 was obtained by Chhattisgarh and it can be observed from the parameter score that the state did not perform well in terms of clean energy initiatives, efficiency energy, environmental sustainability and new initiatives.
The performance of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa has more room for improvement in terms of clean energy initiatives, energy efficiency, environmental sustainability and new initiatives. Although Gujarat is the best performing state, its performance in terms of environmental sustainability and new initiatives needs to be improved. The SECI score for states such as Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh has been observed in the range of 40 to 45, according to the NITI Aayog report.
The final SECI score shows that among the small states, Goa and Tripura are the top performers, Manipur is performing well and the other small states fall into the category of contenders. The highest score of 51.4 was obtained by Goa and the lowest score of 27 by Arunachal Pradesh. Tripura, with a score of 58.7, is the best performer in all of India in terms of the parameter of the new initiative. All small states score average in the category of environmental sustainability and access, affordability, and reliability with scores in the range of 55-40 and 60-30 respectively.
In the third category of UT, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry perform better and they are in the category of favorites with a score of 53.2, 55.7, 55.6 and 48, 5 respectively. Jammu and Kashmir, Andaman and Nicobars and Lakshadweep fall into the contenders category with scores of 29.3, 29.4 and 26.9 respectively. (ANI)
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