Data plays a vital role in planning. It was therefore no surprise that the Federal Government launched the Nigeria Integrated Energy Planning Tool in collaboration with Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL). With support from the Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet and funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, this tool uses geospatial data and modeling to provide a low-cost, dynamic, and data-driven way to identify the mix of technologies and expenses. needed to achieve universal access to energy by 2030. OPEYEMI BABALOLA reports.
Nigeria’s Integrated Energy Planning (IEP) tool is expected to be an example of a world-class IEP that includes electrification, clean cooking and productive use. It is designed to identify cost-effective solutions to meet demand for a variety of energy services. Additionally, the plan also models a variety of scenarios to provide these solutions.
Launched by Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo, alongside global leaders in the energy sector, the tool is the first fully integrated energy planner for Nigeria. While traditional energy plans focus primarily on electrification, Nigeria’s IEP includes electrification, clean cooking and productive uses for the entire country.
Through this online geospatial visualization platform, energy access data, analysis and results are publicly available, benefiting a wide range of users, including the public and private sectors. .
Osinbajo at the launch noted that access to sustainable energy was crucial for the country’s development. He said, “Establishing access to clean, sustainable and reliable energy is intertwined with many of Nigeria’s development goals. We have proven that transforming our energy system is a national priority through our economic sustainability plan and, most recently, with our announcement at COP26 in Glasgow to achieve net zero emissions by 2060.”
Speaking further about the importance of the initiative, Osinbajo said the tool would be essential for the government to achieve its universal access and clean cooking goals. According to the vice president, all branches of government will not only promote it, but also use it widely. He urged the international community to rally Nigeria’s transition efforts with more realistic climate finance support.
Listing the benefits of the initiative, experts said the IEP for Nigeria states that the least cost plan to provide universal electrification through the grid, mini-grids and solar home systems is $25 .8 billion dollars. And for Nigeria to achieve universal access by 2030, the tool estimates that an additional 19.3 million connections will be needed across the country. This excludes the 11.3 million additional connections expected in places that already have access to electricity due to population growth.
According to a study from the IEP platform, a mini-grid represents the least expensive technology for the bulk of these connections (8.9 million connections), the grid (5.4 million) and the solar home system (5.0 million) sharing a similar number of connections. links between them.
When the demand for productive use of agricultural activities is included in the analysis, such as maize and rice milling activities, this increases the number of least-cost mini-grid communities by approximately 200,000, a- he declared.
Although a capital-intensive business, with the total cost of providing these connections estimated at $22.9 billion, of which $20 billion must be invested as up-front capital, since the main technologies used (i.e. solar energy) do not consume fuel. and, therefore, have a limited operating cost.
It is estimated that around 53% of households in mini-grid settlements and 92% of households in solar home system settlements will need public support to cover the total cost of ownership of the electrification solution.
Another aspect of energy sustainability being pursued by Nigeria with the tool is the potential for clean cooking solutions, which is 3.7 million for LPG, 3.5 million for electronic cooking and 4.3 million for biogas.
Nigeria’s IEP estimates that under a business as usual scenario, the country would have more than 40 million households cooking with emissions-intensive and polluting cooking methods by 2030.
To address this, there is a global opportunity to scale clean cooking solutions to 3.7 million households with LPG cooking solutions; 3.5 million households equipped with e-cooking solutions; i.e. 4.3 million households with biogas cooking solutions.
The overall cost of implementing these solutions would be $478 million for LPG, $83 million for e-cooking and $847 million for biogas. The cost of deploying these technologies is split between stoves, accessories and the infrastructure needed to provide fuel or electricity.
Based on its impact based on the technology that has been integrated into the tool, it will be vital for the private sector, as it will help solution providers to identify promising markets and provide useful business information during the deployment of the electrification and clean cooking. Another strength of the tool is its ability to identify risks associated with technology choice and strategies to promote demand for productive use to unlock the economic viability of mini-grids.
Commenting on the determination of the current administration to transform the energy sector, Osinbajo said President Muhammadu Buhari was still committed to lifting 100 million people out of poverty and boosting economic growth.
“The government is also keen to manage the long-term job losses in the oil sector that will result from global decarbonisation, calling on the international community to support Nigeria’s energy access and energy transition efforts through through much-needed climate finance commitments,” he said. Noted.
Tool promotes holistic approach to achieving SDG7 and energy development, while supporting local manufacturing, expanding local solar technology value chains and potentially creating 250,000 new jobs, Nigerian Vice President says in the energy sector in Nigeria.
Also speaking at the event, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed commended the federal government for its bold vision to close its energy access gaps and for its ambitious energy transition plan that paves the way to net zero by 2060.
She said: “Without prioritizing universal energy access, including clean cooking, we will not achieve our global net zero goals. Energy is also key to achieving several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including improved health care, better jobs and livelihoods, and greater gender equality.
In her remarks, CEO and Special Representative of the UN Secretary General (SRSG) for Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL), Damilola Ogunbiyi, said, “Nigeria is leading the charge with the ambitious commitment to achieve the net zero by 2060.
“I believe that access to accurate and transparent data is essential for decision making. I hope this demonstrates to other countries an invaluable tool to achieve their own energy access goals.
She is already on a four-day trip to Nigeria for high-level meetings to harness the potential of Nigeria’s IEP in implementing Nigeria’s energy transition plan.
For his part, Rockefeller Foundation Chairman Dr. Rajiv J. Shah said as the world strives to turn COP26 commitments into action, the Foundation is proud to partner with Nigeria and SEforALL. to help communities connect and transition to quality renewable energy. energy.
“Nigeria’s Integrated Energy Planning Tool is transformative in its approach to integrated electrification. Not only will this advance our efforts to empower millions of people in Nigeria, but it will also provide a blueprint for clean electrification programs, showing the world how to change energy for good,” Shah said.