On the road to COP27: making the case for Africa in the global climate debate
15 recommendations from the Ibrahim Governance Forum call on climate leaders to take urgent action to make the case for Africa ahead of COP27
Following the Ibrahim Governance Forum held May 25-27, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation publishes the full report of the Ibrahim Forum 2022 which now includes key findings and recommendations from the debates.
Download: Ibrahim Forum Report 2022
*Dakar and London, July 12, 2022 *– The Ibrahim Forum 2022 final report, ‘*The Road to COP27: **Making Africa’s Case in the Global Climate Debate’, *presents key facts and figures and 15 recommendations on the how policymakers, climate leaders and African citizens can articulate Africa’s case in the global climate debate.
The report is based on the latest reports from the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to researchand on the essential arguments put forward during the 2022 Ibrahim Forum on Governancedebates between experts, political decision-makers and young Africans for three days.
Commenting on the final 15 recommendations, Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chairman of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, said, “It is clear that the current climate agenda is failing in Africa. With over 600 million people in Africa still without access to electricity, twice the total population of the United States, we need to pause and think very hard.”
“As we approach COP27, we must not repeat the error of neglecting the African specificity, both negative and positive, in the assessment of the challenges and the choice of solutions. The recommendations put forward in this report offer a framework for reshape the climate debate, ensure it takes into account the specific African context and recognizes Africa’s key role in global climate solutions.
Bringing together the latest and most relevant data and insights from leading climate and energy experts and practitioners, the Ibrahim Forum 2022 report provides a comprehensive analysis of the specificity of Africa’s context in the global debate. on climate: how the impacts of the climate crisis in Africa intersect with pre-existing social and development issues; the challenge of balancing energy access and climate protection; and last but not least, Africa’s key assets and its potential role in a global low-carbon future.
The report concludes with a series of recommendations from the debates of the Ibrahim Governance Forum to inform the preparatory work and decisions for COP27, as well as any other global climate debate leading up to COP27 and beyond. By considering these recommendations, policymakers can ensure that future climate commitments take into account the specific context of the continent, including Africa’s economic development path, and recognize the important role the continent can play in worldwide.
Key recommendations include:
● Take into account Africa’s specific climate vulnerabilities
Don’t work in silos: address the interplay between climate, development and security challenges: Climate change has a major impact on pre-existing development and security issues. Globally, debates and decision-making on development, climate change and conflict continue to take place in silos, missing opportunities to address how these challenges intersect.
Mitigation alone cannot solve the scale of the problem: put more emphasis on adaptation and “loss and damage” compensation: Mainly driven by the North, the current global climate debate has now focused on mitigation, primarily by achieving net zero emissions. Adaptation measures have been deprioritized while no ad hoc “loss and damage” fund has yet been set up.
Invest in resilience to prevent loss and damage to lives, livelihoods and critical infrastructure: African countries must put in place clear adaptation investment plans, prioritizing investments in climate change systems. early warning, disaster risk reduction and climate resilient infrastructure. This includes increasing data capacity.
● Address the right of Africans to access to energy
Net Zero Balance, Energy Access and Energy Security: Global Development Goals cannot be achieved until more than 600 million people still lack access to energy in Africa, a number that is expected to continue to rise .
Consider gas as a key transition fuel, to be developed alongside renewables: Renewables are already the main source of electricity for almost half of Africa, and have great potential for expansion, but they alone will not be enough to close the continent’s energy deficit. Gas, an abundant resource in Africa and the cleanest fossil fuel, must be included to fill the energy access gap on the continent.
Whether it’s gas or renewables, look beyond just production: Whether it’s gas or renewables, production is only the first challenge. Storage, transmission and distribution infrastructure, affordability, relevant market sizes, maintenance capabilities must also be taken into account to attract the necessary investments and meet the access challenge.
Clean cooking solutions are essential for climate and health goals: replacing polluting cooking fuels such as firewood or charcoal with cleaner gas (LPG) or electricity is essential view of health and climate. However, a transition to clean cooking fuels must be a bottom-up process and take into account local contexts.
● Harnessing Africa’s potential in a global green economy
Raise awareness of Africa’s strengths and ability to be a key player in a global green economy – not just a victim of the climate crisis: assess Africa’s enormous potential wealth in green and sustainable economies. Build and harness Africa’s collective bargaining power as the key sovereign owner of ecosystems and assets that are essential for a low-carbon future globally.
Assess – and monetize – Africa’s carbon sequestration potential: The continent is not only the lowest carbon emitter per capita, but also hosts the major carbon sinks. African countries should be duly compensated for preserving these global assets, including through carbon storage pricing.
Avoiding the “resource curse”: improving the value chain and putting governance first: moving from the export of raw materials to local processing, in order to develop local activities and employment. Define relevant measures to avoid corruption, ecological disasters, human rights violations and resource conflicts, and include them from the beginning in the management of Africa’s ecological and mining assets
● “You don’t get what you need or deserve, you get what you bargain for”
Define, present and negotiate a common African position: Africa must be on par with other global players at COP27. African leaders can define a common narrative for international negotiations because Africa’s position cannot be reduced to the specific situation of one or two countries.
Rebuilding trust lost at previous summits: Africa’s partners should implement commitments that have already been made at previous summits before committing to new ones.
Focus on responsibilities: The link between carbon emissions and the climate crisis must be recognized and monetized. Adaptation and loss and damage mechanisms must be fully implemented so that the largest emitters take responsibility for the climate crisis.
Adopt a wide range of integrated and innovative financial solutions: Address the climate-debt nexus and increase Africa’s domestic resource mobilization, leveraging pension and sovereign funds and strengthening fiscal systems.
Humanize the climate debate: The climate debate must highlight the impact on people’s daily lives and livelihoods. “Climate literacy” must be developed. Local contexts and solutions must be leveraged.
Note to Editors
About the Ibrahim Governance Forum
The Ibrahim Governance Forum was held from 25-27 May 2022 and focused on highlighting African perspectives on the challenges and opportunities presented by the climate crisis in Africa.
Speakers and contributors included:
● Jin-Yong Cai, former CEO of the International Finance Corporation
● Ibrahima Cheikh Diong, United Nations Under-Secretary-General, Director of the African Risk Management Group
● Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment of the Arab Republic of Egypt
● Chris Gentle, Senior Advisor New Business Ventures, World Energy Council
● Kristalina Georgieva, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
● Mamadou Fall Kane, Energy Advisor to the President of the Republic of Senegal
● David Malpass, President of the World Bank Group
● Amina Mohammed, United Nations Under-Secretary-General
● Mahmoud Mohieldin, United Nations High Level Champion on Climate Change for Egypt
● Murithi Mutiga, Africa Program Director of the International Crisis Group
● Mary Robinson, President of Elders
● HE President Macky Sall, President of the African Union and President of the Republic of Senegal
● Vera Songwe, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
● Sidi Ould Tah, Managing Director of the Arab Bank for Economic Development
● Samaila Zubairu, CEO of Africa Finance Corporation
● Members of the Foundation’s Now Generation Network, a cohort of over 250 young African leaders
All sessions are now available to watch on demand, via MIF.Live.
For more information or to request an interview, please contact:
● MIF Media Team, [email protected], +44 7796 451915
You can follow the Mo Ibrahim Foundation on:
● Twitter: @Mo_IbrahimFdn
● Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MoIbrahimFoundation
● Website: mo.ibrahim foundation
About the Mo Ibrahim Foundation
The Mo Ibrahim Foundation was established in 2006 with a focus on the critical importance of political leadership and public governance in Africa. By providing tools to assess and support progress in leadership and governance, the Foundation aims to promote meaningful change on the continent.
The Foundation, which is a non-granting organization, focuses on defining, measuring and improving governance and leadership in Africa through various key initiatives: